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  • Writer's pictureDoç.Dr.Mutlu Ünver

Gallbladder Surgery - Types, Risks and Complication Rates - Assoc.Prof.Dr. Mutlu Unver Izmir, Turkey

Updated: May 1

What is Gallstone Surgery?

Gallbladder surgery is a surgical procedure involving the removal of the gallbladder for various reasons. The gallbladder is an organ that stores bile fluid and has an important role for the digestive system. Surgery is often necessary for conditions such as gallstones or gallbladder inflammation. Approximately 1 million people worldwide undergo gallbladder surgery annually.

How is gallbladder stone surgery performed?

Gallbladder stone surgery is usually performed with laparoscopic surgical methods. In this procedure, the gallbladder is removed through several small incisions. The successful completion rate of laparoscopic gallbladder surgery is usually between 95% and 98%. These incisions are usually between 0.5 and 1 cm in length.

Ercp Procedure for Gallbladder Stone Removal Surgery: When is it performed?

ERCP stands for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and is a method used in the treatment of gallstones. This procedure is used to see stones in the bile ducts and remove them if necessary. It is usually preferred when other treatments are not effective or in emergencies. The success rate of ERCP is usually between 85% and 90%.

Ercp Procedure for Gallbladder Stone Removal Surgery
Ercp Procedure for Gallbladder Stone Removal Surgery

Gallbladder Stone Size and Gallstone Size for Surgery

The size of the gallbladder stone is often an important factor in determining the need for surgery. Stones of small sizes usually do not cause symptoms and usually do not require treatment.

However, as the stones become larger and symptoms appear, the need for surgery increases.

Laparoscopic gallbladder stone surgery is usually recommended for stones between 0.5 and 1 cm in size. Stones of this size can usually cause symptoms and need to be removed. Larger stones may carry a higher risk of complications and the need for surgery may be higher.


In addition to the size of the stone, the patient's symptoms, general health and other factors are also taken into account when determining the need for surgery. Your doctor will evaluate these factors to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for you. Remember that each patient is different and treatment plans should be determined individually.

Laparoscopic Gallbladder Stone Surgery: Advantages - Disadvantages and Complication Rate

Laparoscopic gallstone surgery offers many advantages over conventional open surgery as it is a less invasive approach. In addition to advantages such as less pain, shorter hospital stay and faster recovery, there are also complications that may rarely occur. The complication rate of laparoscopic surgery is usually between 5% and 10%.

Inflamed Gallbladder Surgery

Inflammatory gallbladder surgery is a surgical intervention to treat inflammation in the gallbladder. This operation is usually performed to control the infection in the gallbladder and to prevent possible complications.

Inflammation of the gallbladder can occur for various reasons and can lead to serious health problems. In this case, rapid intervention may be necessary to control the infection.

During surgery for an inflamed gallbladder, the surgeon gains access to the site of infection and carefully examines the infected gallbladder. If necessary, the gallbladder can be removed and measures can be taken to prevent the spread of infection. The success and outcome of the operation may vary depending on the severity of the infection, the general health of the patient and the experience of the surgical team.

The success rate of surgery for an inflamed gallbladder is usually high. However, as with any surgical procedure, there are certain risks and complications. These risks may include the spread of infections, bleeding, bile leakage and, in rare cases, organ damage.

Therefore, a detailed preoperative evaluation and appropriate treatment planning are important. In the postoperative period, it is also of great importance to take appropriate care and follow-up measures under the guidance of the patient's doctor.

Laparoscopic Gallstone Surgery: Methods and Results

Closed gallstone surgery is a surgical procedure performed laparoscopically. In this method, the surgeon removes the gallbladder through several small incisions. This procedure provides the advantages of open surgery such as less pain, less blood loss and shorter recovery time. The complication rate of laparoscopic surgeries is usually less than 5%.

Laparoscopic Gallstone Removal Surgery Izmir Turkey
Laparoscopic Gallstone Removal Surgery

Gallbladder Surgery Risks

Every surgical procedure, such as gallbladder surgery, involves certain risks. The most common risks include infection, bleeding, bile leakage and, in rare cases, complications. However, these risks are usually low and can be managed by a specialised surgical team. The risk of death is usually around one in a thousand.

Complications and Recovery after Gallbladder Surgery

Some complications may occur after gallbladder surgery. These complications can include infections, bile leakage, digestive problems and, in rare cases, pancreatitis. Treatment is usually guided by your doctor and is successful in most cases. Between 5 and 10 per cent of postoperative complications can be serious.

Diet Modifications and Lifestyle Changes after Gallbladder Surgery

It is important to make dietary and lifestyle changes after gallbladder surgery. A light and healthy diet should be followed to speed up the healing process and relieve the digestive system. In addition, excessively fatty and spicy foods should be avoided and regular exercise should be done. With these changes, 80 to 90 per cent of symptoms can improve.

Gallbladder Surgery Izmir Türkiye

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